Types of Photography

In this post we will explore different types of photography. There are several different directions one can go in with photography. You can even specialize in one or more of them if you like. Some types of photography will be discussed below.

There has been color film for many years for cameras. Most of the time people opt for a color photograph to be taken of themselves at their weddings, for portraits or for pictures that they take for their own pleasure. But, black and white photos also have their place in photography.

Black and white photographs can appear just as beautiful as if the pictures were taken in color. Black and white film creates shadows and shades that imply different colors, but look more mysterious in black and white. The lighting in the picture can also stand out more in a black and white photo with every subtle difference in lighting noticeable. Black and white film has its place in photography and will continue to remain there.

Another type of photography would be fashion photography. This type of photography has been in existence for a long time. With this type you will have the opportunity to take pictures in both color and black and white. With this type of photography you will have a chance to take pictures of people as well as objects such as shoes, clothes, accessories, etc. To become a fashion photographer you will be a professional photographer, so you will need to learn as much as you can to create a portfolio and then a reputation for being a successful photographer. It may be something to aspire to.

An interesting type of photography is glamour photography. Black and white film works very well with this type of photography. It is meant to be alluring and sexy, not pornographic. The model can be nude, but delicate body parts are hidden. The model can also be fully clothed in an outfit that is meant to be sexy. This type of photography emphasizes a romantic feel rather than the type of picture that you will find in a magazine such as Playboy, so if you are interested in this type of photography you will not be creating a pornographic scene. This might be more comfortable for you if you like to take erotic pictures, but do not want to be too outrageous.

The subjects that you choose to specialize in can be interesting and fun such as with fashion and glamour photography. Explore what would be best for you.


Decorating With Antique Oil Lamps

Since the miraculous advent of electricity, oil lamps have become something of an antique, and understandably so. It's not particularly practical to use an antique oil lamp in your home today, not to mention a safety hazard. However, these lamps are still very much in demand, but not for the reasons they once were. Antique oil lamps are collectible items now that can be found on more eBay auctions than you could ever know what to do with. They make excellent collectors' items and can even be used through your home as decoration and for the occasional power outage.

Most people associate antique oil lamps with thoughts of the old west, which is why they make such interesting decorative pieces for rooms geared towards this theme. If you've bottled the modern, sterile look of a kitchen with stainless steel appliances and black marble counter tops, you may want to give the country farmhouse look a try. It can give off a much warmer feeling and is a perfect place to showcase the antique oil lamps you've been collecting. Most of them have handles on top, so all you need is a hook to screw into the wall and you're all set. Your antique oil lamp has gone from a dusty artifact to wall decoration!

Antique oil lamps can be a unique and clever way to light up the back yard for a night time get-together with the neighborhood. Being careful not to put them near anything too flammable, they can be placed through your back yard. The antique oil lamps will give your guest enough light to see each other, while keeping it just dim enough that they can still see the stars in the night sky. Antique oil lamps can make an interesting takeoff on a tiki torch as well. You can find poles that stick in the ground with hooks on top to hang the lamps on.

When collecting antique oil lamps and trying to use them in your decorating scheme, it is essential to think of safety first and protect your family from any possibility of a fire. If you do keep oil lamps around for use in the event of a power outage, either do not keep them filled with oil, or keep the ones with oil in them in a different place. The last thing you want is some freak accident what somehow ignites the antique oil lamp mounted above your sink. Aside from this rare possibility, collecting and decorating with antique oil lamps is a way to preserve a little history and use it in your every day life.


The Many Benefits Of Drafting Tables

There are plenty of different professions that reap the benefits of employing a drafting table. Architects use this sort of desk to place plans for homes, buildings and communities. The entire plan can be viewed on one occasion, giving them the possibility to uncover if there can be any issues or conflict along with the overall layout. Because the large space, each time a change need to be made, there does exist more than enough room to eradicate, add, and make changes to the plans.

Any good career in illustration or drawing would also take pleasure from this specialized work space. Pictures, characters and settings is often designed on the larger scale, giving any person the ability to incorporate all types of details. There is room to use pictures or drawing hand and hand to match the two and decide on a direction for taking the project. Also, a bunch of individuals can stand around, exploring the story board, to be able to see the entire plan at once.

A drafting table is definitely a special desk designed to be certain tasks easier for those that sketch or draw on large areas. Based on how you can use them, most may very well be adjusted to a person’s specifications to really make it more comfortable and simpler to work with. Also, special lighting is usually included in order that the space is well lit plus the person working are able to see down to the moment details of their work.

Whether dealing with building plans or large illustrations and pictures, this table might be the perfect place to work. It has a big enough space to prevent papers disseminate so that it will be easier to look at the entire project at some point. Also, because there are no restrictions around it, a bunch of folks can all think about the dame design easily, providing them with enable you to critique to make changes together.

A drafting table is generally found in the home or business office. With the size, it might take up more room compared to a traditional desk, dependent upon the style, brand and features. You’ll find tables that look just like a regular desk, but aided by the power to tilt and raise up the workspace for drawing, sketching, and designing.

Usually, drafting tables are set up in a room with good lighting and enough room to do everything and walk around the project being labored on. This particular workspace are available at a considerable number of different places. Spend some time to check out a number of different designs in order to find the one that is best suited for the specific person along with the task they’re performing. Also, decide on the features which have been most prominent towards the work being carried out.

Traditional desks are usually not ideal when it comes to certain professions and jobs. Leaning over to work all the time is usually both tiring and unhealthy. By having a drafting table, the job is done more quickly accessible for the person. There is significantly more space to operate with and it can be moved around to produce working more well-off.

Compared to consistently needing the person to conform to the workspace, the drafting table conforms with the person. Dependent on the task being completed, one has to room to perceive the whole project at one time, make changes where needed, nonetheless be prepared to sit comfortably for long length of time.


London Travel Guide

London is everything you would expect from a Capital City with a lot of history and more, and the good news now thanks to the irresponsibility of bankers worldwide is that London is not as expensive to visit as it has been for the last 10 or more years .

The pound has not quite sunk without trace though, it still has some value but because the London's economy is so closely linked to banking and financial services the pound was hit pretty hard and that means that your dollar, yen or Euro is going to buy so much more.

When people talk about London or indeed England they usually mention rain, but because of global warm summers in London are warm to hot these days, and that makes sightseeing a dream and it has so many said old and new to see, the Queen and The London Eye are on the top of most people's list, but those lists will just go on and on.

One great way to take in most of the sights of London is a river trip, because like most very old cities London was built on first one then both banks of a river, in London's case the River Thames.

From a river boat you will be able to take in the Westminster Abbey, Big Ben, The Houses of Parliament, The South Bank Arts Complex, The Globe Theater a reproduction of a theater from the time of Shakespeare, the Tower of London while gliding effortlessly under famous bridges like London Bridge and Tower Bridge and of course see so much more.

As well as the river London is famous for large open spaces of green and you can escape from the almost constant noise of this City that simply refuses to sleep for a moment into the delightful parks like St. Louis. James' Park which lies behind Downing Street where the British Prime Minister has his official residence.

Surprisingly you can wander the length of the Mall and still be in St James' Park down passed Duck and even Pelican Ponds to Buckingham Palace where the Queen of Great Britain has her official residence.

You can even check to see if she is at home by looking to see if the Royal Standard is flying above the Palace. You will be lucky to see her 'at home' because because the Queen favors Windsor Palace which is about 20 miles to the west of London where it is quitter and less polluted.

London is a sightseers' dream, there is always something around the corner, from the blue plaque on the wall of the flat where Jimi Hendrix died at the back of Oxford Street to the beautifully restored St Pancras station now home to the International Rail (Channel) Tunnel) Rail Service but for so many years a derelict condemned building.

At night even more of London comes alive and as well as being able to enjoy some excellent free live music in the cafés and bars there is the exciting sight of the river-scape alive with lasers lights and often fireworks.

London is not to be missed and that is why it is one of the most popular travel destinations in the world and so it is probably no surprise that there are enough hotel beds in London to sleep the populations of dozens of major cities worldwide!

The surprise would be that most of these hotel beds are booked well in advance and so careful planning is required to get a great hotel at just the right price.

A good way to do that would be to use a website where you can compare prices and availability, though there are dozens of these here is an honest recommendation bookingspot.


Sports Memories in the Year 1970 – Show Your Team Spirit With Sports-Themed Lighting Decor

The year was 1970 – did you know?

• The member teams of the American Football League merged with the member teams of the National Football League (NFL). This formed a 26-team NFL made up of 2 conferences, the American Football Conference (AFC) and the National Football Conference (NFC), with 13 teams in each conference. Former NFL teams the Baltimore Colts, Cleveland Browns and Pittsburgh agreed to join the AFC with the other member teams of the American Football League so that the 2 conferences would have equal number of teams.
• NFL Commissioner, Pete Rozelle, instituted the idea of ​​Monday night football saying that football was not only meant to be played on Sundays. This move was also a way to broaden the leagues audience nationally in prime time. The first Monday night football game was historically played on September 21, 1970 and has made last impact for over the past 40 years.
• New Orleans Saints placekicker, Tom Dempsey, put himself in the record books of the NFL by kicking a winning and record setting field goal against the Detroit Lions. The 63-yard field goal record remained in tack until 1998 when Jason Elam of the Denver Broncos tied the record.
• Jimmy Van Alen created the concept of a tiebreaker in tennis. This concept was instituted in the US Open in 1970. Previously, tennis sets could last for hours because a set had to be won by being up at least 2 games. The tiebreaker allowed a 7th game to be played and the winner had to win by 2 points and then, winning the set 7-6. The concept of a tiebreaker is still applied today but some Slams do not allow it in the deciding set.
• Margaret Court-Smith won the Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open all in year and captured the Grand Slam of tennis. She was the second woman to accomplish this feat.
• September 13 marked the debt of the fist New York City Marathon. 55 runners finished. The event now attacks over 30,000 runners and has become a world-wide spectator sport.

Show off your team spirit and loyalty with by displaying sports memorabilia. And, do not forget the lighting. Sports-themed lamps, touch lamps and lighting products are widely available and are perfect accents to your home lighting décor.


10 Things To Remember When You Buy Modern Lamps And Lights

Figuring out the right kind and amount of lights needed for your home can be a major decision in your home décor. The decision can either make or ruin your entire style and the effect the space projects. So, what are the things to look for when you buy some modern lamps and lights for a home or office space?

  1. Decide the where: the first item on the agenda is to decide where you want the lights. What areas will require special lighting, which areas should have more diffused brightness, which areas need focused attention? Asking and answering these questions is the first task.
  2. Decide the why: part of buying the right lighting is to decide the task that each lamp is intended to help. Choose a focused task light for concentrated jobs like reading or cutting. Track lighting is fine for a sitting room, whereas spot lighting and accent lamps help to bring out interesting décor.
  3. Decide which style the room needs: while a stylized modern lamp or a glitzy chandelier might be just right for your living room, the kids' room is probably better off with a lamp in animal shapes. Paper lamp shades work great for interiors, while modern lanterns and metal work looks better outside.
  4. Design specific lighting for special-needs areas: the kitchen for example, will need more task oriented focused lighting, especially around the counter top areas or the stove / grill area. Your study would look and function better with modern desk lamps, and living rooms will require a combination of lighting styles.
  5. Use mood lighting: set the mood with warm lighted corners, especially in your living room. You can achieve this effect by the judicious use of LED lamps, fireplaces, candles or other ambient / dynamic sources of light. Look around at your furniture, furnishings, and overall scheme of décor, and choose a lamp or fixture that looks good in setting the mood you have in mind.
  6. Coordinate: make sure the fixtures and modern lamps that you use go with everything else, in the rest of the room, not just in style, but also in color.
  7. Choose easy to clean lamps / fixtures: although most modern lighting emphasizes simplicity of design, some can be quite complicated and difficult to clean on a regular basis. Make life easier for yourself, pick something with simpler lines, that will be easy to clean in the long run.
  8. Try energy efficient styles: "go green." Use energy efficient fluorescent lighting in all possible areas, except it demands something else.
  9. Avoid glare: make sure the light fixtures or lamps are properly installed to minimize glare and give a nice all round effect of warmth.
  10. Use portable lighting: floor lamps, etc can be a source of additional light wherever and whenever you may require it.

A little thought, and a little planning. That's all it takes to make your space a haven of peace and a reflection of your sense of style.


Building A House? Here's How To Reduce The Cost of Artificial Lighting

Each room of a house requires different levels of general lighting and task lighting. Ideally, general or ambient lighting which is the base level of lighting for the whole room, should be as even as possible. Many home owners today are concerned with how they can reduce artificial lighting for home construction so that the home's artificial lighting can be as practical and energy-efficient as possible.

The ideal way to approach this issue is to develop a lighting plan. This lighting plan should include both the location and the specifications of the fixtures and controls respectable to the architectural plans. Decorative, task, focal, and safety lighting should be addressed in the lighting plan and specifications, along with the ambient lighting prescribed in the codes.

For home owners seeking guidance this can be retrieved from professional lighting designers. Typically, these designers are architects or interior designers with a specialty in lighting. If you are interested in locating a lighting designer in your area then simply contact the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America or the International Association of Lighting Designers.

Another way that a home owner can effectively reduce the use of artificial lighting through his home is by the use of fluorescent fixtures. Where existing incandescent fixtures can not or will not be replaced with fluorescent fixtures, compact fluorescent bulbs can be used to reduce the electricity usage. As an example, a 60-watt incandescent bulb can be replaced with an 11 to 15 watt compact fluorescent, allowing for roughly a 76% reduction. Although compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) cost more than incandescent light bulbs, in reality each bulb saves a great deal of cash over its lifetime. In order to maximize their benefit, use CFLs in rooms with the most traffic. For lights that are used for only short periods of time, specify incandescents with dimmer switches.

Adding dimmers to lighting switches allows several lighting functions, such as task lighting at full illumination and decorative or safety lighting at lower settings. This is especially good as dimming increases lamp life and saves energy because less electrical wattage is used. Even incandescent lamps last longer when a dimmer is installed. For fluorescent fixtures these require either dimmable ballast or additional wiring. Dimmer switches and other lighting controls are rated for total controlled wattage, type of wiring, and type of fixture such as electronic ballast, incandescent, or other.

Some fluorescent lights and fixtures may also be put on dimmers. The benefit of improved artificial lighting allows homeowners to save lots of cash on their electricity bills. For this reason, it is important that home owners take the time to implement methods that will help reduce artificial lighting. This should ideally be done during the construction stages as it can be neatly done.


How to Go About Dim LED Lighting

The growing awareness of environment concerns that energy saving devices are gaining considerable prominence. In the past decade one such effective means is the LED. LED lighting has come to become the most significant aspect of any house or commercial establishment. LEDs are used today in a variety of forms like LED tubes for lighting up the workspaces and in the house for kitchen and working desks, LED flat panels for lighting up certain areas of the house, they being flush mounted are preferred as they do not alter any architectural design of the house.

The last few years have resulted in further focus on the environment aspect of energy savings and this has resulted in the development of dimmers for further optimizing electricity usage. There are some significant advantages of using dimmers and this subordinate resolved in their popularity among the consumers.

Advantages of Dimmers:

– Convenience and improving ambiance: Homes are becoming increasingly automated. Lights as part of the automated system can there before be dimmed depending on the time of the day to ensure optimum light maintenance, some are even equipped with intelligent systems which switch off the lights in the absence of any person. They also enable the user to give a nice feel to a house or office using the lighting systems, thus improving ambiance.

– Energy saving: As the intensity of light can changes depending upon the need of illumination required, it helps by optimizing the use of electricity and in the process it also reduces electricity bills.

How to dim an LED?

There are two techniques used when dimming LEDs, PWM and Analog. Both techniques come with their own advantages and disadvantages.

PWM dimming mainly involves switching the light bulb on and off at an extremely high rate, the advantage of this process is because the quantum of current passing through the LED remains the same, the color of light does not change.

Analog dimming meanwhile involves sending a variable current, the advantage here primarily being simpler logic circuits,

How to use dimmers in Induction lights?

Induction lights have recently reemerged as a strong contender in the lighting industry especially the outdoor lighting realm. They are typically used in gas station lighting, parking garage lighting and street lighting.

Technology also advanced in induction lighting, which involves the use of dimmers. Most of the times inductive lightings are fitted with a dual control switch or some sort of a bi-level dimming feature. Many of them are also fitted to smart and intelligent automated systems which regulate the induction lights for example the induction lights which are fitted in the parking garage now come with a dual switch which is connected to an infra-red system. The system normally maintains low illumination, however if it detects any human through the infra-red then it automatically switches to high illumination.

Thus, dimmers are helping us to further optimize our electricity usage and helping us to move to a more sustainable and friendly eco-system.


Contemporary Lighting – Everything You Want to Know and More

One of the problems that you may run across when trying to decorate your modern home is finding the right Contemporary Lighting to illuminate the space. Surfing the web may only add to the confusion when one looks at the wide variety of Contemporary Lighting fixtures from which to choose. It seems like every manufacturer and retailer have their own ideas as to just precisely what Contemporary Lighting is or is not. It is difficult to even find sources that can agree on a precise start of the genre. Far easier is it to describe what Contemporary Lighting is NOT. For instance, Contemporary Lighting is not ornate like the traditional lighting fixtures nor does it have an emphasis on functional beauty like the Mission style.

The Contemporary Lighting style sprang from the Art Nouveau movement but with one critical difference: unlike Art Deco, the Modern or Contemporary style had absolutely nothing to do with aesthetics. Instead, the emphasis lie entirely with the idea of ​​functionality. World restructured architect Frank Lloyd Wright was a big practitioner and adherent of the Modern movement which gave birth to Contemporary Lighting. He joined the Bauhaus School and the Russian Constructionalists in their reverence for the functional while rejecting the inefficiency of aesthetics.

Fixtures of the Contemporary Lighting style generally have very smooth, white globes that mount to simple bell-shaped mounts. An excellent example of Contemporary Lighting is the "school light" fixtures so popular with designers for the past few decades. These lights feature a suspended globe that hangs down over an area and provides a virtual shadow-free ambient light. People decorating old industrial buildings that have been converted into lofts often make these lights their first choice. They also work great for people trying to think of how to light a converted schoolhouse or similar structure.

Contemporary Lighting fixtures emphasize very clean lines and a wide variety of metal finishes for the bases. Making use of the simple white monsters that typify the style, Contemporary Lighting provides ample ambient light without distracting attention away from the functional aspects of any living space. They may not be as ornate as the traditional Style, but the sheer simplicity is the beauty of Contemporary Lighting fixtures. Rather than draw attention to the fixtures themselves, Contemporary Lighting is a minority means to make any space more user-friendly and accessible.

The exact start date of the period may remain something obscure, but the defining characteristics of the Contemporary Lighting style remain solid. True to the nature of the style, Contemporary Lighting makes functionality the focal point rather than ornate beauty. With smooth white crystals mounted to a wide array of metal bases, the fixtures are easily distinguishable from the other lighting styles. Contemporary Lighting fixtures remain favorites of designers today and will continue to do so in the future as they provide people with what they seek: simple light from unobtrusive and functional fixtures.


Photography – All About Correct Lighting

The word photography means "writing with light". Light is essential to making photographs and you must understand how to use it in order to make your pictures as interesting as possible. There are two basic types of light: natural and artificial. The first comes from the sun, the other from man-made sources.

Natural light generally reiterates to daylight, although moonlight qualifies too. For photographers, light during the day can vary. There might be a bright or hazy sun that causes shadows. Or it could be heavy and overcast. Daylight also exists in the shade, where subjects are shielded from the direct rays of the sun. Daylight exists indoors, too so not all natural light shots are taken outdoors.

Artificial light is illumination produced by man. It may be an ordinary light bulb, a fluorescent tube, a bright photoflood, a tungsten halogen lamp, an electronic flash, or many other types. Since these types of illumination can be used outdoors, too, not all photographs shot with artificial light are taken indoors.

Photographers also talk about ambient light, existing light and available light. Regardless of the term, this is light – whether natural or artificial- that is already present in the subject area. A photographer who shoots by ambient, existing, or available does not provide any of his own illumination.

Just as there are types of light, there are types of lighting that have special significance for photographers. For instance, directional lighting, such as that provided by the sun, flash, or tungsten halogen bulbs in reflectors, is more precisely described as being front lighting, side lighting, or back lighting.

Front lighting is the most basic for photographers, although not the most appealing. A long-standing rule that says to put the sun at your back so it shines on the front of your subjects was established for good reasons. Early films and camera lenses were not as fast as those in use today; they required considerable light to make an exposure. Old time camera and film manufacturers knew that bright and direct sunlight on the subject would provide an adequate image on the film, so they recommended it. Also, a subject illuminated directly from the front shows every detail because it is uniformly lighted.

Front lighting is still popular today, but many photographers find it unsatisfactory for portraits and other subjects. The reason is that front-illuminated subjects appear 'flat' because there are no shadows to give a feeling of depth. For this reason, front lighting is commonly referred to as flat lighting. Another disadvantage of front lighting is that people often squint because the sun is shining directly in their eyes.

Photographers have found that changing their camera angle or the position of the subject so that the main illumination is from the side gives more depth and interest to many of their pictures. This is especially true when shooting close-ups of objects. Side lighting can illuminate the left side or the right side of the subject, depending on your preference.

Backlighting reiter to situations where the main source of illumination is behind the subject, shining in the direction of the camera. Backlighting requires careful exposure readings so that the front of the subject will be properly exposed. If a reading is made of the backlight itself, the subject will be underexposed and appear as a silhouette. With portraits outdoors, backlighting allows your subject to have a natural expression without squinting because bright light is not shining on his face or into his eyes.

When strong directional light comes from both sides, the technique is known as cross lighting. It is normally used in studio situations with flash or tungsten studio lights, not under daylight conditions.


Questions and Answers About LED Lighting – Why LED?

1.Q: What are the advantages of LED Lights?

A: LED (Light-Emitting Diode) Lights offer a multitude of advantages over traditional light sources including lower electricity consumption, much longer lifetime, higher durability, no ultraviolet and infrared radiation, low heat and smaller size.

2.Q: Can I directly replace my existing lamps with LED lamps?

A: The LED Lights we offer are direct replacement of incandescent, halogen and compact fluorescent lamps. This means that you do not have to do any changes to your existing system.

3.Q: Why should I choose LED lamps over the cheaper traditional lamps?

A: Consider not only the initial price of the lamp, but the true cost of light, which includes the cost of energy, replacement and maintenance costs.

– LED lights use much less energy. When installed at applications with long work hours the saved electricity cost can bring the payback time to less than 2 years.

– LED lights have much longer life, from 30,000 to 50,000 hours. Imagine that you do not have to change your lamps for the next 20 years, especially those hard to reach light fixtures.

For commercial applications long life LED Lights mean lower replacement costs and no more group relamping. Taken into consideration reduced maintenance costs, the ROI (Return Of Investment) time for LED Lamps can be less than 1 year.

LED lamps produce very little heat thus reducing the power used by your air conditioner.

LED light has no harmful UV (ultraviolet) and IR (infrared) rays.

LED lamps contain NO mercury like the fluorescent lamps. LED Lights are completely safe for the Nature and can be disposed as ordinary waste.

4.Q: Will the Low Voltage LED lamps work with my existing transformer?

A: Low Voltage LED lamps are compatible with magnetic transformers used with VAC lighting. If you have an electronic transformer one LED lamp may not work due to its very low power consumption. To work properly most electronic transformers require a minimum load greater than the 3-watt used by our LED Spot Lights. When connecting a few LED lamps to one transformer the load increases to a point where the use of an electronic transformer is acceptable.

5.Q: How does a LED work?

A: The LED (Light Emitting Diode) is an electronic light source that works by the effect of electroluminescence. When a semiconductor diode is turned on electrons recombine with holes and energy is discharged as light.

6.Q: What is the color of the light from a LED?

The light color of LED Lamps is measured by Correlated Color Temperature (CCT) in Kelvins. Contemporary High Power LEDs are covered with phosphor to convert light from a blue LED to a wide spectrum white light. Most common LED Light colors used are:

Warm White (Soft White) – 2,700 – 3,300 K – the color of the light of a traditional incandescent light bulb

Cool White – around 4,000 K – similar to moonlight, xenon lamp light color

Daylight White > 5,000K – looks like flashlight, or typical daylight.

7.Q: What is Color Rendering Index?

A: The Color Rendering Index (CRI) is measuring the ability of a light source to simulate the colors of different objects accurately in comparison with the sunlight. Although there are critics of the subjective color rendering in practice, the CRI is widely used as a measurement of the quality of the light. Higher CRI corresponds to etter quality light, in scale from 0 to 100.

8.Q: What is the CRI of LED light?

A: Generally LED lamps score above CRI 80, which is higher than many other light sources. LED Lamps with CRI above 90 are used for visual inspection tasks.

9.Q: How efficient LED lamps are?

A: The output of light sources is light and heat. The higher the ratio light to heat, the more efficient the lamp. Today’s high efficient LED lights have efficiency of about 50 %, compared to standard incandescent lamp with 2-3% and fluorescent lamps with 15-20% efficiency.

LEDs naturally have directional light, this means that the light is easier to manage with less losses. That presents an even greater advantage in regards to LED lamps’ high efficiency over all other existing light sources.

10.Q: What is luminous efficacy?

A: The luminous efficacy is the light output per unit power input. It is measured in lumen per watt (lm/W). Nowadays commercially available LEDs have efficacy of 130 lm/W for cool white and 107 lm/W for warm white light (CREE XLamp MX-6). This is much higher compared to incandescent bulb that produces 15 lm/W and fluorescent lamp with 60-70 lm/W.

However, the efficacy of a single LED should not be mixed with the efficacy of the lamp. Many manufacturers and resellers state the LED Lamp Light Output as sum of the output of the individual LEDs. This is not correct because there are always losses from light trapped inside the lamp. The efficacy of a LED Light Lamp, also called LED Light Engine, can be increased by better design and using high quality materials.

11.Q: Is the lumen per watt the only aspect I should consider when choosing a LED Light?

A: No, you should consider also the CRI (quality of light) and your individual visual preferences. Some people like the more yellow Warm (Soft) White light that resembles the light from the incandescent lamp. Other prefer the brighter and more true-color rendering Cool / Daylight white.

12.Q: What is the lifetime of a LED Lamp?

A: When properly installed and well ventilated, LED Lamps will very rarely burn. However, the brightness of the LED light fade over time, so LED Lamp’s life is measured by 2 characteristics – how much will it fade after 1,000 hours of exploitation, and when the brightness will reach 70% of the initial value.

Quality LED Lamps are rated at less than 3% light output decrease for the first 1,000 hours, and 30,000 to 50,000 hours for the 70% decrease, which is the standard for commercial lighting applications.

Again, compared to traditional light sources, LED lights are superior regarding lifetime.

13.Q: Does the lifetime of a LED Light Bulb shorten by frequent on/off switches?

A: Unlike the fluorescent lamps, lifespan of LED Lamps is NOT influenced by frequent switching.


Which Style of Chandelier Suits Your Lighting Needs?

When it comes to lighting effects, not all chandeliers are alike. Here is a run down of the different types of chandeliers and the type of light they are likely to cast over your dining room

Late Victorian: The late Victorian style of chandelier lighting is very similar to the late seventies style of chandelier. This style consist of stacked circular glass blown globes that are stacked in brass wheels of usually eight and then four tiers. This type of chandelier casts a very soft pearly glow and look best in a dim wood paneled room. The more stark seventies versions with the pure white opaque glass look best hanging over a kitchen table and tend to cast a much brighter light.

Gas Electric: This style of chandelier consist of tulip shaped flutes and is usually made of heavy engraved glass. In Victorian times there would have been candles inside these frosted flutes
but now a days there is candle shaped light bulbs or regular light bulbs. This style of chandelier which is usually mounted on a metallic wheel, whether it be brass, iron or metal, are usually very bright and sometimes look better somewhere like a bathroom where you need lots of light and not necessarily in a dining room where something more subtle is required.

Arts and Crafts: You know you are looking at an Arts and Crafts style of chandelier if the glass shades are dangling downwards from the wheel rather than sitting like cups on the rim of the wheel. This is characterized by balanced mobiles that consist of two to four to six lampshades on a rustic looking metal frame that hangs from the ceiling.

Mission Style: If the chandelier has black iron limbs or wheels then it is probably mission style. Mission style chandeliers usually also have square shades made of streaked white or pearly opaque glass. This type of chandelier usually casts a dimmer light then most.

Wagon Wheel: This eclectic chandelier was a common sight in the suburbs in the seventies and basically consist of a wooden wheel that was topped with miniature lamps shades. It casts a
nice, yellowish dim light for a dining room.

Atomic Age: Also known as a fifties revival style, these are the chandeliers that look like metal starbursts from which shoot multicolored Christmas bulbs. This unique style never looks that dated as it looks both modern and antique at the same time and the light that it can cast is often pretty because of the different colored bulbs. It does however cast a dimmer light than most.

Art Deco Chandeliers – These are getting rarer and rarer and cast beautiful soft lights the colored round pendant drops and flower shaped flowered shades that are characteristic of the style. The glass on an art deco chandelier is often green or pink and it can also be frosted or streaked with color.


Garden Lighting – Choose What Suit You

Gardens are the important parts of your home that you need to have a keen eye on. They are the natural beauty of a house that adds a sense of belong to nature. Gardens also present the opportunity to showcase your skills and talent in a way that would engage you in some productive activity. Garden lighting, hence, is much more than just the light that you get in your landscape that you love – it is an ideal way to beautify your homes and enjoy the ambience that a well lit garden could create. has now evolved into a serious market, which is evident from the numerous options available in light your garden to perfection and to your satisfaction. Whether it is about solar lights that require no electricity to brighten up your night, or about a whole range of wall lights, decking and patio lights or lanterns, you have an inspiring range for you to choose your garden light from.

Consider the garden zone mini flood light, for instance. This mini flood light is made of bronze and is perfect for a compact garden that is to be lit bright. You could mount this mini light on a spike that could be attached to the ground using the accessories that come with it, or you could mount it on to a fence. with bronze lights come with the dual advantages of power as well as evoking memories of the good old days in terms of quality, relability, style and outlook. A garden could also be made vibrant with submerged, tiltable spotlights with adjustable lenses, which are used extensively to highlight certain aspects of your landscape.

If you are looking for brightness as a preliminary consideration, you should do well to choose a Roma Solar garden, which would be many times brighter than standard solar lamps, working with lithium ion batteries that are not only powerful but are also eco-friendly. You could bring about a romantic feel to your garden by choosing lamp posts as your preferred partners, structures that are aesthetically made with lantern panels made of separate glass pieces. There could be no better way to garden light than choosing the Victorian style lamp posts that would give your garden looks and lighting. Garden lighting could also be drive way lighting or path lighting for low level plants or paths, equipped with reflective shields to reduce glare. With garden lighting, you have the choice.


Baby Photography – Lighting Tips

In baby photography one of the biggest challenges is lighting.

Lighting babies and children is something that comes with experience. As with lighting any other subject, the most important thing is that you become familiar with a few basic setups, and then adjust the setup to suit the particular situation and subject.

When it comes to diffusing the light you have a choice of brollies or softboxes. My preference, in the studio is the softbox. When I rolled out customers home I used translucent shoot-through brollies. One of the main advantages with the softbox is that it leads all of the light forward. With the shoot-through brolly some of the light escapes from the edges and bounces back toward the camera. With this you need to be careful of flare so always shoot some test shots first and remember to use a lens hood.

Translucent brollies also give a nice effect if you shoot the flashgun back into them and reflect it back out toward the subject. To keep the lighting soft you do need to get in very close if you use this method. The reason for this is that you increase the distance of the light from flash to subject, and as you know a distant light causes a harsher shadow.

Reflective brollies are less useful than the translucent shoot-through style; they are too harsh for most types of portrait work. That said if you are looking for a hard light they are fine, but I can not imagine a parent being happy with a harshly lit shot of their baby! Reflective brollies are however good for lighting backgrounds.

The main reason for keeping lighting simple for baby photography is their volatility! For example you could be ready to take the shot and the baby crawls out of 'position' … if your lights are 'clinically positioned' and very directional the baby will quickly move out of the shooting zone.

If you keep your lighting basic, for example two large soft boxes, then it gives you more latitude for movement.

A relatively flat, even light generally gives the most pleasing results for baby photography. As a starting point I like to place a main light, either reflected from an umbrella or diffused through a softbox, between 35 and 45 degrees to one side of the subject, then use a similarly diffused fill light at 1/3 to less exposure next to the camera as a fill light. I then adjust the lights to suit the subject's features in a flattering way.

An extremely fine-featured child often benefits by making the light "harder".

To achieve this, move the main light closer to the 45 degree position. Conversely, a child with large, sharp features or skin blemishes, such as a rash, will benefit if you move the light closer to the 35 degree position (ie back round closer to the camera) and lessen the power difference between the main and fill lights for a softer look.

When using a harder, more dramatic light on children, it is important not to over-do it. When seeking a more formal, dramatic effect, I usually shift the main light to between 45 and 55 degrees. The fill light should remain near the camera. You may want to lower the power of the fill light to deepen the shadow areas, but with baby photography I generally find that it's best to keep the ratio within one stop.


Antique Lighting – An Ideal Way To Give Surprise To Your Wife

Are you planning for a surprise for your wife? Well, them I am sure that it makes you feel one of the most confused and lost man on earth. You should always spice up your married life after certain point of time. Otherwise the relationship becomes monotonous and definitely boring. When it comes to surprises and gifts, there is not any prefect time for it. It could have been planned at any time, even in the middle of the night.

In today's competitive world tensions, deadlines and stress has become a part of your life. Out of stress you tend to forget all your special days. This can definitely affect your relationship.

Whenever it comes to gifts or surprises for women any one can only think about fashionable clothes, lingerie, and dinner and so on. Why do not you plan something new? Something which will make her spell bound. This, I am sure puts immense burden of thoughts on you. Most of the times, the solution is in near by but we tend to overlook it.

Let's plan a glamorous surprise for your wifey! Why do not you install an antique lighting in your bedroom? You will find a lot of options in the market. Antique lighting will not only illuminate the room or house but will also add a slight flavor of elegance and class. If love is in air in that case the right kind lightings will definitely add the flavor of sensuality. The right kind of antique lighting will no doubt enhance the room decor to a great extent.

Its time to select the right one

Now the varieties if designs available in the Market will definitely drive you crazy. You should always remember that purchasing an antique lighting is definitely a great investment. Therefore, consider buying it from a branded or reputed store. If you are planning to install it in the bedroom make sure to measure the bedroom. Typically, the bedrooms are little cozy that is the reason it is always recommended to fix a mini chandelier in the bedroom. Mini chandelier has obtained exponential growth in these years. You can also opt for antique lamps in your bedroom since it will provide you with a soothing effect and will definitely calm or tame down your restless mind.

Purchase a piece of antique lighting and also install it in the bedroom. Make sure that your love does not have any idea about this romantic surprise.

Now, here comes the surprise!

When she enters the bedroom at night I am sure that she will be tired and stressed out. Simply switch on the antique lighting and also decorate the room a little bit. Be assured that light of the antique lighting will rejuvenate her from within.


Brighten Up Your Yard With Outdoor Lighting

OK, so you have finally finished landscaping your yard and it is beautiful … as long as the sun is up. Would not you like to enjoy the beauty after the sun goes down as well? The easiest way is with low-voltage landscape lighting. You have put a lot of time and thought into planning the placement of your trees, flowers, deck and pond. Now it's time to plan your outdoor lighting. Decorative outdoor lighting is easy to plan if you take it one step at a time.

The first step in planning your project is to decide what you want to illuminate and the effect you want. These two things will determine the type of lights you need and their placement. There are many different lighting techniques that will create different effects.

Spot Lighting showcases interesting features such as trees, shrubs, architecture and statuaries.

Shadow Lighting highlights interesting shapes or branch structure by casting a shadow on the surface behind the object being highlighted.

Underwater Lighting enhances the beauty of a pond, swimming pool or fountain.

Grazing brings out the texture of fences, chimneys, walls or other masonry.

Moon Lighting creates the soft effect of moonlight filtering down through tree branches.

Walkway Lighting adds safety, visibility and security for walking and can also highlight plants and shrubs along the walkway.

Step Lighting adds beauty to your decks and landscaping while allowing guests to navigate steps safely.

Security or Motion Control Lighting will help deter against crime and unwanted pests by eliminating dark areas where intruders can hide.

Silhouetting highlights objects with interesting shapes or plants with interesting branch structure by silhouetting the object on the surface behind it.

Sign Lighting will keep your signs illuminated and useful when it is dark outside.

Down Lighting simulates natural light for entertaining as well as illuminating for safety and security.

Up Lighting dramatically heights the beauty of flags, statue, trees and architectural designs, especially ones that are large or flowering.

Spread Lighting illuminates flowerbeds, ground cover and low shrubs. It can also be used underwater to illuminate an ornamental pond.

Deck lighting will bring your deck to life at night while it enables guests to navigate your deck safely. Deck fixtures can be installed on posts, below benches and railings or in step risers.

  • Test the placement of your lights by having a friend help you by shining a flashlight on objects you think you want to light. Make notes of what type of lighting is best in each location as well as the angle that best achieves the effect you want. Also, make sure the light is not going to shine in your neighbor's window.
  • Sketch a "bird's eye view" of your yard on graph paper showing main features such as driveways, gardens, walkways, trees and walls. Then plot where each fixture will be placed.
  • Decide if you want to use low-voltage or solar lighting. Solar outdoor lighting is good for aesthetic reasons and requires no wiring because they run off their own power. Low-voltage outdoor lighting is brighter than solar lighting and they do not require sunlight for power.
  • Once you decide how many and which types of lights you need, decide if you want to purchase lighting kits or a custom system. Kits are an easy way to get started and usually contain several types of lights, cable, connectors and controls. All of the necessary components can also be purchased separately so you can customize your landscape lighting project.
  • Make sure you get the right size power pack for your project. A salesperson at your hardware store can help you determine which power pack you need. You'll need to add up the total wattage of your lights and make sure the total wattage is less than 100% of the power pack rating. 80% is a good rule of thumb so you can add more lighting in the future.

Now that you've planned your outdoor lighting project, you just need to install it and fire up the barbeque.


Comments: 5 Lighting Tips That Will Improve Your Home


The Wonderful World of Lighting

Whatever the style of your home and home decor, whatever color your rooms are and no matter how they are furnished, lighting should be an integral part of the design.

In the same way that textures and colors of fabric are selected because they complement each other (for soft furnishings, for example), successful lighting is dependent on task, feature and general lighting all working in harmony. By carefully selecting and varying the levels and type of task,
feature and general lighting components, you can create the perfect light setting for every activity in your home as well as creating dramatic effects where needed.

In order to fully appreciate the different types of lighting fixtures available these days, this article will describe the features and benefits of some of these. After all, being properly informed will enable you to have the confidence to light up your home with style and ease.

Table lamps – Easily portable and can be highly effective lighting fixtures which can be positioned anywhere in a room. They can be located near sofas and chairs and hence function as task lights to help with reading. Table lamps positioned around the edges of a room can eliminate dark corners.

Pendant lights – These are hanging lamps which are suspended from the ceiling by a chain or rod. The light they produce can be dark and somewhat limiting though pendants themselves are often highly decorative and come in many different designs. It is usually better to supplement the light from pendants with other types of indoor lighting fixtures such as wall lights as well as floor and table lamps.

Chandeliers – Magnificent to look at and highly decorative chandeliers, most commonly found in large open hallway entrances and in dining rooms, add a touch of opulence and splendor by their presence. Usually, if used on their own as a light source, the light can be flat and boring.
Although, crystal chandeliers can create a lot of unwelcome glare. This can be resolved by installing a dimmer to reduce the output of the lamps and light and to use other forms of lighting, such as low-voltage downlights dotted around the chandelier, to shine through the chandelier.

Downlights – Another way of lighting up a room and in fact low voltage downlights produce a very crisp white light which can literally transform dark and dingy places. Usually, downlights are installed in fixtures in the ceiling or underneath cupboards. They are very versatile as they can be used for bringing light into the central area of ​​a room as well as be directed onto objects, pictures or ornaments, to provide both general and feature lighting.

Picture lights – Hanging pictures in your home is one way of adding to your home decor and what better way of providing even more focus to these with lights? Free-standing spotlights, directional downlights and frame-mounted lights can all be used. It merely
depends on how your picture is framed and which of these lighting fixtures will bring out the best in it. Free-standing spotlights are great if your picture is covered by glass as you want to avoid glass reflection. Simply use the spotlight as an uplight which cleverly reflects the glass reflection towards the ceiling. Another method is to use a recessed, low-voltage directional downlight which, when used correctly, can be a very effective picture light that prevents glare.

Wall washing – This is a brilliant, subtle way of softly illuminating plain walls. It can also be used to highlight ornamental objects to great effect. The lighting fixture is a small floodlight that can be ceiling-mounted, or placed at the top or bottom of a wall and effectively, will "wash" the wall
with a splash of light.


Crush It on Amazon With Great Product Photography

Want to get more clicks & conversions on your Amazon listings? Upgrade your product photos with these guidelines.

Main Image

The main image is the first thing customers see. Since it appears as the thumbnail image when a shopper searches for a product, this picture will determine whether the customer even clicks on your listing. It's important that it stands up to the competition!

Amazon has strict standards for the main image. Here's a quick summary:

– Must be edited to have a pure white background (RGB 255, 255, 255).
– Must contain the full product, and ONLY the product. No confusing additional objects.
– Must be a professional-quality image: in focus, full color, and well-lit. No dark, grainy, or blurry images.
– Must fill 85% of frame or more.
– No additional text, graphics, or inset images.

All those rules can be hard to keep track of, but it's necessary to do so. If the main photo is not up to Amazon's standards, your listing could be suspended, costing you lots of time, stress, and money!

Beyond that, I suggest shooting the product from straight on-no weird angles. Make sure the lighting is natural looking and that the product appears true to color in the photo. Check out your competition, if possible. Imitate the photos that look and perform the best on Amazon. Also, pretend you are the customer. Which listings make you want to click? How can you arrange the product to make it look its best?

Supporting Images

The supporting images count, too! I suggest adding 5 to 8 photos that showcase the product in different ways. Here are some tips for getting the most out of your supporting images:

Show the Scale-Supporting images allow you to use backgrounds or other objects in order to showcase the size and scale of the product. Think everyday life and where / when / how your product will be used. If it requires snow – find snow! Does it go on a car? Head out to the garage. One of the easiest things to do is simply ask someone to hold it while you take a picture. Hands are a great way to demonstrate scale.

For example, I recently had to photograph a finger brace with lots of confusing straps and Velcro pieces. First of all, the product simply did not photograph well on its own-it just looked like a jumbled pile of Velcro. Plus, it was hard to figure out how the brace fit onto a hand. That photo shoot definitely required a hand model, both to make the product look good and to inform consumers on how to use it.

Use Informational Graphics-Although graphics of any kind are prohibited in the main image of an Amazon listing, you're allowed to use them in your selected images. You can use text and arrows to point out the features and benefits of the product and show its exact dimensions. You can also add badges (such as "Quality Guaranteed" or "BPA Free") which I highly suggest doing.

Get Some Close-ups-This is especially important if the product has lots of detail or an interesting surface finish. Texture, quality, and luxurious materials all benefit from clean, clear, close-ups!

Use a Model-Not every product requires a model, but in my opinion – 99.9% should have one. The .01% of listings I am letting off the hook involve clear poly bags, and even that is a stretch. It is my professional opinion that every product listing benefits from a model. Your model may be a child, adult, or animal. Consumers can put themselves into the model's shoes and picture themselves using your product. This type of psychology immediately increases conversion. I suggest using realistic models because you want to showcase the product, not the person. So, do not worry if you can not afford a glamorous supermodel, your girlfriend, grandmother, husband, or neighbor down the street will do just fine.


Different Kinds of Candles That You Can Use in Your Everyday Life

Candles have a very special place in our world today. They are cheaper than torches and are a decorative object in the house too. Of course, there are different types of candles that are suitable for different purposes. Here are the three different types of candles that you can use.

Standard, Long White Candles:
One uses the standard, long white candles for lighting purposes. They use it for lighting up in darkness, or almost anywhere where electricity is not available, and light is required. In countries like India, candles and incense sticks are used to light and burst candles during festivals like Diwali, etc.

Aromatic Candles:
Aromatic candles are the candles that have special essence and aromas, which emanate when lit. These candles are used for decorative purposes, as well as for changing and adding to the ambience of a room. One uses aromatic candles most regularly while offering massages, etc. They are the cheapest and fastest way of changing and adding to the ambience and atmosphere of the room.

Decorative Candles:
Candles are not just used for lighting and aroma, they are also used for decorative purposes. Several companies and individuals design candles and sell them professionally. If you wish to get decorative candles for your house, you can check in your local area for professional candle makers. Alternately, you can also look for decorative candle sellers online.

Many decorative candle sellers will have their website, where you can find out everything about their services and the various products that they offer. Decorative candle making market is not a highly competitive one, as many consider it to be an alternate and non mainstream profession. You should need to go ahead with what you get, unless you are ready to pay a reasonable amount for the exact design and style that you want.


Selecting a Subject For Your Art and Why – A View

What is the first thing that strikes a chord – right or wrong – when you glance at a painted piece of art on canvas? Its theme of course. It is often said that more than half of a painting's worth is its choice of subject. Choosing your subject somewhere has to be a trade-off between its saleability and your passion for a topic. Historically, era and the then prevailing genres affected paintings and their subjects, ranging from trite to more depth depictions. Throughout, the field of art has witnessed connections between the styles and the subjects of the painters. Arguably though, some preferred a wider selection and experienced with diverse thoughts.

Focusing back on the most ancient form of art, the 'Cave Paintings,' you can find the depictions of huge wild animals existing in those times, bountifully. These paintings mainly reflect the thought process of primitive human race, which had a day-to-day interaction with animals, and which main occupation was hunting. The 'Realist' painters concentrated on real life subjects – humans, flora, & fauna – and created lifelike works. Although, the nineteenth century 'Impressionist Art' also carried similar subjects, its focus on lighting, color contrasts, bold brushstrokes, and shadows, were its distinguishing features. The advent of Photography inspired and challenged 'Impressionism.' 'Surrealism,' on the other hand, was more of an 'Abstract' form of art, where artists used bold colors to capture their flights of fantasy. A manipulation of color schemes was the characteristic identifiable with this section of art. The paintings of 'Victorian' times were more of narratives, set in the themes of the Bible, mythology, literature, or modern life. Nonetheless, artists active during the World Wars often painted the gory pictures of the battlefields, the fight of the war prisoners and common masses. Present day art, better known as' Modern Art, 'correspondents most closely to its predecessor,' Surrealism, which is marked with fantastical and an abstract depiction of a wide variety of subjects.

The use of the medium of paintings also plays a role in the choice of subject. For instance, 'Oil' is considered to be the most versatile medium that gives the artist the liberty to choose from nature, people, occasions, abstract, still life, and various other subjects. Another handy medium is 'Acrylic,' with benefits similar to oil, the versatility of watercolors, and the additional quality of permanence.

Another, seemingly detracted factor that in fact greatly affects the subject is the artist's motive – whether it is purely to express his love for painting or to create a commercial product. However, there are certain subjects that both the schools of thought accept. Some of these themes include landscapes, erotic themes, abstract art, and portraits. The discussion on art and its attributes can go on endlessly, the bottom line remains that the manifestations of pure art cut across the boundaries of caste, creed, nations, and time!


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