Attractive And Energy-Efficient Home Lighting Options

The art of creating elegant, applicable and sustainable lighting options for the home is a very interesting as well as a thought-provoking process. Lighting is an important element in home décor, because not only does it highlight your surroundings, it also enables you to perceive color and texture.

When you have spent some time choosing which fixture to purchase, what colors and accessories to blend, it's now time to use these lighting options to help maximize their impact in your home. There are a lot of guidelines in creating lighting schemes, and the ides mentioned on this article will hopefully help add to your own ideas for creating attractive home lighting patterns and options.

Home Lighting Should Complement With A Home's Existing Furnishings

The colors, as well as the other furnishing present in your living room and other rooms, should effectively complement each other perfectly. Once you've arranged the accessories to suit your preferences, and the furniture is deemed comfortable and attractive, what else is there to arrange or fix?

When you feel that the room still lacks the inviting atmosphere you imagined, think of the aspects that you failed to consider. According to home lighting experts, attractive, well-lit rooms most often combine the four types of lighting:

– Natural lighting includes sunlight, candlelight and fireplace light. The quality of natural light however varies, depending on the time of day, weather, season and the room's location.

– Ambient or general lighting helps provide a safe and comfortable level of light.

– Task lighting supplies the intenet directed light needed for detailed work.

– Accent lighting helps highlight interesting features in your home's decor.

What To Take Note when Planning About Home Lighting

Here are some helpful hints to take into consideration as you plan the lighting through your home. Whenever your deciding on the lighting options for a room, consider these concerns like, What kind of mood should they create ?, what type of activities take place in the room ?, and what decorative elements do you want to attract attention?

Typically, to create an inviting atmosphere, the experts suggest using three to five light sources in every room. To simplify your decorating options, there are home lighting designs and items available with the same finish and style for chandeliers, wall-mounted sconces, pendants, floor and table lamps. Using the lighting fixtures from the same collection within a single room will help to create a more unified look.

To make your rooms look more interesting, vary the height of the light sources in the room. The different height patterns will help to add depth and glow, by creating separate areas of light and shade. Usually in most rooms, you need to allow for varying intensities of light. You could do this by adding dimmer switches or three-way bulbs in lamps. It's also good to have alternate switching patterns between general lighting, task lights, lamps and accent lighting.

For instance, while you are preparing for a dinner party, you'll need task lighting instead of accent lighting, However, when your guests arrive, you'll probably want to be able to switch off the task lights and turn on the accent lights . You should also remember that since darker colors absorb light, you'll probably need to use more lighting in rooms decorated with dark colors than rooms with light colors.

Green, Eco-Friendly Lighting Options

In today's eco-conscious and earth-friendly lighting markets, as the focus on living "greener" has become the popular ideal, more consumers are demanding, and receiving, lighting options that are energy efficient for home interiors.

From energy-saving light bulbs to lighting materials produced with the least amount of negative environmental impact possible, many manufacturers and designers are responding with earth-friendly fixtures for ecology-conscious consumers.However, there need not be a compromise on style, either, as some of the most elegant and desirable lighting fixtures are the most visually appealing as well. – Golden Age USA


The Importance of Police Equipment

Police gear is fundamental to daily police life. Without this equipment, our streets would be a more dangerous place. The gear that can be found in many outlets can be of a high quality and includes belt equipment such as pouches, holders and belts as well as police apparel including trousers, shirts, base layers, outer layers and boots. There are many other necessary pieces of kit such as ASP batons, police torches and handcuffs and keys.

When writing about police equipment it is well worth discussing belt equipment! This equipment includes torch holders, duty belts, notebook pouches and pen holders. Some famous brands include Price Western Leather (PWL) and ASP who manufacture amongst other things, baton holders (scabbards). Other belt equipment includes key holders, cuff pouches and holders, carabiners, radio pouches and cell phone pouches. This is just a small sample of the belt gear that officers use daily.

Other gear that you will find in police shops include handcuff keys and cuffs as well as ASP baton accessories. As for batons, they can only be supplied in the UK to police or government agencies as they are prohibited weapons ASP batons range from 16 inches to 26 inches in length and ASP are renowned for producing batons that are almost indestructible. They are used by the world’s elite police teams and are a first choice many advanced police agencies. A very common bit of police kit are police torches. There is a range of torches on the market to suit many budgets. Torches are crucial for police personnel, not just for lighting dim places, also for momentarily disorientating criminals by temporarily affecting their night adapted vision. ASP provide a high quality, new generation of torch which deliver an amazingly bright beam and a strong build in a compact design. Other torches worthy of mention are Surefire torches which are extremely popular and have a greater output than a D Cell. They offer tailcap controls, which is perfect for firearms use. Other manufacturers include Gerber, Inova and of course, Maglite.

There is also police gear such as baton and cuff holders, including ASP sidebreak baton scabbards, trifold restraints, twin duty cases, Blackhawk collapsible baton pouches, Blackhawk crossdraw baton pouches, PWL (Price Western Leather) expandable baton holders (3 position swivel), PWL side handle baton sleeves, PWL speedcuff loops (3 position swivel) and PWL Speedcuff pouches ( 3 position swivel and cup). Other police gear that can be found includes utility belts and other leather products, torch loops and sleeves, notebook covers, fixed penalty folders, warrant card wallets, warrant card wallets with badge flaps and Viper slash resistant gloves.

This is just a small insight into the world of police gear.


Hitachi UT42X902 Review

The Hitachi UT42X902 is one of the sleeker 1080p LCD televisions. At just 1.6 inches thick, it is certainly thin. The translucent frame on all four sides curves back to the edge. The Hitachi UT42X902 stand is fairly unique and is designed with a circular, donut-like base.

Perhaps the biggest drawback of the UT42X902 is that you must supplement the very basic HDMI and PC inputs with which the UT42X902 comes equipped with a standalone AVC08U Audio Video Center for a couple hundred dollars more. Unfortunately, this purchase is necessary for a variety of reasons, not least of which is the desire to actually watch television programming. The Hitachi UT42X902’s remote is better than most and features back-lighting behind every key as well as a learning feature to control other devices.

The UT42X902 has quite a few picture controls in addition to many advanced controls including three types of noise. Though it’s a pain to have to purchase the AVC08U Audio Video Center, it has an extremely robust offering of ports to suit your every need. The Hitachi UT42X902 does a solid job of displaying accurate, realistic colors, but it has few outstanding characteristics; however, there is one exception: it’s uniformity of color. Colors are consistent and balanced and even hold out very well when seen from off-angles. As far as price is concerned, you will have to pay a premium for Hitachi’s extremely sexy set. So if you want to own one of the great beauties of the LCD TV market, this is definitely a LCD TV for you to consider.


New Life

A brilliant strong bright light emerges – so it sees – from now, then larger and expanded in a flash of time, to eventually create the physical universe as we know it and life itself as a whole. The process then begin to reverse and the original light, which created life and everything physical in the first place, will end it in the same manner the way started it originally, thus completing a major cycle. A minute sparks of light origin from the above main light, do repeat similar cycles, but on a micro-scale in comparison with the above cycle, simply to create and sustain individual physical life cycles, everywhere.

* * * * *

A bright light burst in a dream

Carve a shape

In a total darkness

Creating fire far and near

* * * * *

A spark from the light suddenly trapped

In gray cubic strange place

"Dissolve" slowly then appear

In a large blue empty sphere

Attached within

A yellow green den realm

* * * * *

The lost spark has no control

When a planet physical force

"Imprison" within "with full control"

Embedding itself in the virgin matter

Giving life to physical forms

* * * * *

The old spirit sparks fire

In the emerging

New soul

Starting life in a fresh form

A thirst for life with physical role

Striving to fulfill lingering desires

Beyond control

Repeating again

The cycle of birth *

The cycle of death

Once more

* * * * *


16 March 2008

* The cycle of birth and death repeat itself for a very long period (if we measure it in our physical time) until the time "arrive" when we realize what is going on ie being conscious within and without, at the same time.

© Altawell 2008


Bird Watching for Beginners – How To Identify Birds

If you enjoy watching birds, more than likely you are going to want to learn how you can identify them. While it can be exciting to be able to identify birds, it is not always a simple task; in fact, it can be downright frustrating much of the time. Of course having a good field guide is an excellent idea. However, you'll have to have some knowledge of your own even to be able to accurately use the field guide. So, if you are a beginner at bird watching, the following are a few tips that can help you more accurately identify birds.

Tip # 1 – The Size of the Bird – One thing that will help you identify birds is to first take a look at the size of the bird you are trying to identify. Is it about the size of a large ostrich, maybe chicken size, about the size of a small sparrow, or sometimes the size of a robin? Also, consider whether the bird is plump, on the skinny side, short, or very long. The entire body should be taken into consideration, including the size of the beak, the size of the tail, and the size and shape of the wings as well.

Tip # 2 – Note the Colors – Another tip that will help you to more accurately identify birds is to take note of the colors that are on the bird. As you learn which colors certain birds tend to be you'll soon learn how to identify some birds by color alone. However, colors can trick you from time to time. The lighting may affect the color that the bird appears. Be sure to check the colors that are on each part of the body as well. Are the legs a certain color, the wings a specific color, or does it have any specific marks anywhere on the body?

Tip # 3 – Where are You? – Believe it or not, your location can actually help you identify birds as well. Take a look around and figure out where you are. Are you out on the water, deep inside a large forest, or perhaps in your front yard? There are certain birds that live in specific habitats. Is the bird in the water, is it wading or swimming, does it actually climb the tree, how and where does it fly? These are all questions to ask that can help you out when identifying the birds that you are watching.

Tip # 4 – Listen – One of the most important tips for beginner bird watchers that want to identify birds is to listen. Every single bird has a unique song that they sing and if you listen you may be able to identify the bird just by what you hear. If you are listening closely you may even see some birds that you would have never seen otherwise, and while this will not always help you identify a bird, it can definitely help.

So, next time you go out bird watching, keep all of these tips in mind. They'll help you identify the birds you see and have a more fun and rewarding experience out in the wild.


Vector Logo Design Vs Raster Logo Design

Raster graphics are images that are defined in terms of a generally rectangular grid of pixels, or picture elements. Each pixel is one small square of color, which, when combined with other pixels side by side, merge together to form one solid image to the eye.

Raster formats

There have been a number of formats developed over the years to store raster graphics. Some of the most popular formats are discussed below, each with their advantages and disadvantages.

BMP – Bitmap Graphics (Avoid wherever possible)

Easy to create with the built-in Windows Paint program.

Long history, therefore good, universal support.

No compression means the format is lossless.

Creates huge files since no file compression is used.

No transparency.

GIF – Graphics Interchange Format (Good for the web, on images of less than 256 colors, for example simple geometric shapes eg bullets for lists)

Creates small files as good compression is used.

Universally supported across platforms.

Transparency supported.

Animation supported.

Palette of colors limited to 256 per image.

Transparency is only 1-bit, therefore no translucency.

JPG – Joint Photographic Expert Group (Good for the web, for images like photographs where color depth is important but lossless formats produce large file sizes)

Lossy compression format produces relatively small files.

Universally supported across platforms.

Artifacts visible at high compression rates.

No transparency.

PNG – Portable Network Graphics (Great for the web, but be careful if using transparency.

Both lossy and lossless compression available.

Both 1-bit and full alpha channel transparency available.

Small file sizes produced.

Poor support in some web browsers for full channel transparency.

Compression not as great as lossy formats.

Vector Graphics

Where raster graphics are defined in terms of individual pixels, vector graphics are actually stored as mathematical rules – widths, heights, curves, proportions, ratios. Where raster graphics have a set height and width and look pixelated when stretched beyond these boundaries, vector graphics render themselves to the space given to them, such that they are resolution independent. login in to to view image exemples of raster vs vector.

Vector based logos is not based on pixels any longer. It is based on points set at proportional differences, joined with lines and curves, and filled with a solid black color. When drawing curves in vector graphics programs, a number of points are defined and dragged such a smooth curve is plotted. This curve is independent of dimensions but is saved as in proportions and ratios such that it will scale to any resolution.

Vector artwork can be modified and stretched without havinng to worry about loss of quality, clarity or sharpness. Because of their mathematical origins, Vector Graphics are readable scalable without distortion.

Vector graphics formats

Again, a number of formats exist for storing vector graphics, each with their advantages. It is important to note that, by their very definition, vector graphics are SMALL in comparison to raster graphics when it comes to file size. Since they are not saving information on each and every pixel, but rather rules for rendering, file size is cut immensely. The universally accepted format for vector graphics, especially when it comes to company logos and sending files to print, is EPS – Encapsulated PostScript. PostScript is a format developed by Adobe to describe pages to a printer, plotter, or screen. Rather than standing straight data stores instructions for the makeup of the page. Fonts are stored as individual character vector objects, for example, so they can be printed at as high a resolution as the printer can print. Macromedia's Flash technology is an excellent example of vector graphics working at their finest – whatever the size, vector elements of the flash movie appear crisply anti-aliased, and individual frames can even be printed in high resolution due to the vector-based nature.

Popular raster graphics programs

Adobe Photoshop

Jasc Paint Shop Pro

Macromedia Fireworks (tailor to web design)


Popular vector graphics programs

Adobe Illustrator


Macromedia Freehand

Macromedia Fireworks (tailor to web design)

Popular vector graphics animation programs

Macromedia Flash

A good question. At first glance, vector graphics seem to overcome all the difficulties of raster graphics. They can be resized to any size without loss of quality, and pixelation just does not occur. File size is also greatly reduced. However, each format has an individual purpose. A photograph can not be expressed as a vector graphic because it simply is not vector data. A sunset can not be defined mathematically, at the risk of starting a philosophical argument on the world around us. The real world is not vector-based. The table in front of you has an infinite pixel depth, infinite variations in colors, infinite variations in relief and texture. Vector graphics are reserved for images such as typefaces, lines, curves. Complex vector images can be created but they have been created specifically in vectors. Photographs and complex raster effects like lens flares are defined with pixel-by-pixel lighting and color effects, not with vectors.

Logos for businesses should always be created as a vector. Why? For maximum usage. It's all very well creating a great raster logo with lens flares and bevels and gradients but what happens when it needs to be on a huge banner in a hall? Or, at the other extreme, printed on headed notepaper. Raster effects just are not practical when it comes to corporate identities. With vector-based logos, the image will scale to any size and any application; raster graphics would require re-rendering each time a new size was required, not to mention problems with transparency across print and computer platforms.


Super Glue vs Miracle Glue

For the last half century or so the conventional wisdom for gluing something together when you really needed it glued now was to go out and buy a small tube of superglue.

Super glue or Krazy glue have been used for repairing a thousand different things – From broken toys, to fingernails, to skin.

But it has had its problems. I’ve heard just about every complaint out there about superglue or krazy glue. Often, it just doesn’t work or, the biggest complaint seems to be that when you are ready to use it there is nothing to use – it has dried up. My unsubstantiated theory is that is why the containers have gotten smaller over the years. One never gets more than one use out of a tube of super glue because the cap glues shut and you can’t get at the rest of it. So, the manufacturers have now made the tubes a one shot deal.

Approximately ten years ago another product hit the market on this side of the Atlantic – an industrial version of this type of glue that has been marketed mainly through trade shows and events. The main ones available are Miracle Glue, The Last Glue, Pasco Fix and Lighting Bond. You can invariably find these glues being demonstrated at Home Shows and Boat Shows around the country. Most can now be found more easily on the internet.

Technically, the difference is this: The base of all of these adhesives is something called cyanoacrylate. If you move in the hobby circles, it is commonly referred to as CA. The latter, newer glues are far superior. The main difference is in the distillation process – the number of times the product is distilled. Super Glue and Krazy Glue can be considered your raw form. They are your “crude oil”. The newer products: Miracle Glue, The Last Glue and the others are the “refined oil”. They are distilled several times. The solvents are distilled out. Solvents make super glue dry out too quickly and get brittle and discolor once cured.

In application here are some of the differences. The newer glues come in larger bottles which generally last much longer – a year or two if kept refrigerated or in the freezer. You can get literally hundreds of uses if you take care of a bottle. Because there are no solvents, they will not dry out quickly when exposed to the air. If you forget to put the lid back on for even a couple of hours it isn’t a problem – as long as you don’t knock it over. They bond extremely quickly depending on the material being adhered. And for the most part once glued the item will stay glued. The better ones dry both clear and flexible. For all the fishermen out there – you can mend your waders with these types of glue as well. Because there are no solvents, you won’t melt the neoprene. Super glue or krazy glue will eat a nasty hole right through your waders or wetsuit.

So, the next time your are visiting a Home Show, Boat Show and sometimes the state fair, have a look for the person demonstrating the “miracle glue”. Quite a show! You will be impressed, I’m sure.


What You Should Never Do After Your Car Accident

When you are driving running errands or going to work, you can suddenly be caught in a car accident. These are inconvenient, cost money, can cause injuries, and are something that no one wants to have to deal with. While there are procedures to follow once getting into an accident, there are also things that you should never do once in an accident.

Never admit that it's your fault. For insurance purposes you can get yourself in trouble if you walk around after the accident starting to admit that it's all your fault. Even if it is, you might not want to say anything. Check if others are fine, but do not admit guilty to anyone.

Never leave the scene or run from it. Sometimes you can be scared or afraid about the consequences of an accident. While you might not want to stay, it can cause huge legal problems for you if you run off.

Do not argument or confront an angry person from the other car. You can get yourself seriously injured if someone in the other car is angry with you. Stay in your car and lock the doors if they are getting very angry.

Never assume those in the other car are fine. Sometimes people might need help. Make sure those in your car are fine then ask if the people in the other vehicle are fine.

Never bypass the usual exchange of information that you should go through when getting into an accident. Sometimes you will be pressured to just deal with it personally than involving the insurance companies. Stand your ground and get the information that you need to start filing claims and getting things fixed.

Do not answer questions that you are not comfortable answering even if a police officer is asking you. You do have the right to consult a lawyer if you are unsure about what to say or do not understand.


Dressing Your Home Victorian Style

The Victorian decorating theme complied of abundance as well as exquisite accessories is still popular in the 21st century even though other remnants of the Victorian culture such as clothing and morals are not longer present in our society. The years have changed Victorian home decor in many ways through the years, but not enough that it is no longer recognizable. If you look closely, even modern Victorian home decor still has its roots firmly planted in the authentic Victorian decor of years gone by.

The Origin of Victorian Home Décor

The Victorian style is indicative of a life of excess and wealth. This is, of course, a contrast to styles such as Oriental or philosophies such as Feng Shui. The Victorian decorating theme is one that is comprised of abundance at the highest possible level. If you look around at the clothing styles and morals of the Victorian era, you will detect a strong likeness. The clothing women of that era wore consist of skirts that were floor length, with extra material making them very full. Collars extended the length of the neck and were not able to be folded down nor were they low-cut. Sleeves extended to the wrist. Likewise, your Victorian home décor should completely "dress" your home.

How to Dress Your Home

You must begin with the basic components of your home if you are going to dress it in proper Victorian style décor. Windows are the most integral item in Victorian home décor, and you must dress them with a minimum of three full, unique and flowing layers of curtains as well as shades. White is the best color because it still allows the sunshine to enter your home in spite of the fact that your windows are fully covered.

Other Accents

Victorian home décor requires the inclusion of Victorian furniture and Victorian accents. Furniture needs to be beautiful and usable with a purpose that is clearly defined. After your furniture is in place, beginning adding accents such as ornamental lampshades. The same style of lampshade should be used on every lampshade you own. Just like the windows, your light bulbs should be covered in two to three layers of white fabric – you can add some gold accents if you so desire.

Your home can look quite beautiful with the inclusion of Victorian home décor as long as you make the effort and put in some time. Purchase some exquisite fabrics and some key accents, and you can make any room in your home a romantic Victorian retreat.


Types of Photography

In this post we will explore different types of photography. There are several different directions one can go in with photography. You can even specialize in one or more of them if you like. Some types of photography will be discussed below.

There has been color film for many years for cameras. Most of the time people opt for a color photograph to be taken of themselves at their weddings, for portraits or for pictures that they take for their own pleasure. But, black and white photos also have their place in photography.

Black and white photographs can appear just as beautiful as if the pictures were taken in color. Black and white film creates shadows and shades that imply different colors, but look more mysterious in black and white. The lighting in the picture can also stand out more in a black and white photo with every subtle difference in lighting noticeable. Black and white film has its place in photography and will continue to remain there.

Another type of photography would be fashion photography. This type of photography has been in existence for a long time. With this type you will have the opportunity to take pictures in both color and black and white. With this type of photography you will have a chance to take pictures of people as well as objects such as shoes, clothes, accessories, etc. To become a fashion photographer you will be a professional photographer, so you will need to learn as much as you can to create a portfolio and then a reputation for being a successful photographer. It may be something to aspire to.

An interesting type of photography is glamour photography. Black and white film works very well with this type of photography. It is meant to be alluring and sexy, not pornographic. The model can be nude, but delicate body parts are hidden. The model can also be fully clothed in an outfit that is meant to be sexy. This type of photography emphasizes a romantic feel rather than the type of picture that you will find in a magazine such as Playboy, so if you are interested in this type of photography you will not be creating a pornographic scene. This might be more comfortable for you if you like to take erotic pictures, but do not want to be too outrageous.

The subjects that you choose to specialize in can be interesting and fun such as with fashion and glamour photography. Explore what would be best for you.


Decorating With Antique Oil Lamps

Since the miraculous advent of electricity, oil lamps have become something of an antique, and understandably so. It's not particularly practical to use an antique oil lamp in your home today, not to mention a safety hazard. However, these lamps are still very much in demand, but not for the reasons they once were. Antique oil lamps are collectible items now that can be found on more eBay auctions than you could ever know what to do with. They make excellent collectors' items and can even be used through your home as decoration and for the occasional power outage.

Most people associate antique oil lamps with thoughts of the old west, which is why they make such interesting decorative pieces for rooms geared towards this theme. If you've bottled the modern, sterile look of a kitchen with stainless steel appliances and black marble counter tops, you may want to give the country farmhouse look a try. It can give off a much warmer feeling and is a perfect place to showcase the antique oil lamps you've been collecting. Most of them have handles on top, so all you need is a hook to screw into the wall and you're all set. Your antique oil lamp has gone from a dusty artifact to wall decoration!

Antique oil lamps can be a unique and clever way to light up the back yard for a night time get-together with the neighborhood. Being careful not to put them near anything too flammable, they can be placed through your back yard. The antique oil lamps will give your guest enough light to see each other, while keeping it just dim enough that they can still see the stars in the night sky. Antique oil lamps can make an interesting takeoff on a tiki torch as well. You can find poles that stick in the ground with hooks on top to hang the lamps on.

When collecting antique oil lamps and trying to use them in your decorating scheme, it is essential to think of safety first and protect your family from any possibility of a fire. If you do keep oil lamps around for use in the event of a power outage, either do not keep them filled with oil, or keep the ones with oil in them in a different place. The last thing you want is some freak accident what somehow ignites the antique oil lamp mounted above your sink. Aside from this rare possibility, collecting and decorating with antique oil lamps is a way to preserve a little history and use it in your every day life.


The Many Benefits Of Drafting Tables

There are plenty of different professions that reap the benefits of employing a drafting table. Architects use this sort of desk to place plans for homes, buildings and communities. The entire plan can be viewed on one occasion, giving them the possibility to uncover if there can be any issues or conflict along with the overall layout. Because the large space, each time a change need to be made, there does exist more than enough room to eradicate, add, and make changes to the plans.

Any good career in illustration or drawing would also take pleasure from this specialized work space. Pictures, characters and settings is often designed on the larger scale, giving any person the ability to incorporate all types of details. There is room to use pictures or drawing hand and hand to match the two and decide on a direction for taking the project. Also, a bunch of individuals can stand around, exploring the story board, to be able to see the entire plan at once.

A drafting table is definitely a special desk designed to be certain tasks easier for those that sketch or draw on large areas. Based on how you can use them, most may very well be adjusted to a person’s specifications to really make it more comfortable and simpler to work with. Also, special lighting is usually included in order that the space is well lit plus the person working are able to see down to the moment details of their work.

Whether dealing with building plans or large illustrations and pictures, this table might be the perfect place to work. It has a big enough space to prevent papers disseminate so that it will be easier to look at the entire project at some point. Also, because there are no restrictions around it, a bunch of folks can all think about the dame design easily, providing them with enable you to critique to make changes together.

A drafting table is generally found in the home or business office. With the size, it might take up more room compared to a traditional desk, dependent upon the style, brand and features. You’ll find tables that look just like a regular desk, but aided by the power to tilt and raise up the workspace for drawing, sketching, and designing.

Usually, drafting tables are set up in a room with good lighting and enough room to do everything and walk around the project being labored on. This particular workspace are available at a considerable number of different places. Spend some time to check out a number of different designs in order to find the one that is best suited for the specific person along with the task they’re performing. Also, decide on the features which have been most prominent towards the work being carried out.

Traditional desks are usually not ideal when it comes to certain professions and jobs. Leaning over to work all the time is usually both tiring and unhealthy. By having a drafting table, the job is done more quickly accessible for the person. There is significantly more space to operate with and it can be moved around to produce working more well-off.

Compared to consistently needing the person to conform to the workspace, the drafting table conforms with the person. Dependent on the task being completed, one has to room to perceive the whole project at one time, make changes where needed, nonetheless be prepared to sit comfortably for long length of time.


London Travel Guide

London is everything you would expect from a Capital City with a lot of history and more, and the good news now thanks to the irresponsibility of bankers worldwide is that London is not as expensive to visit as it has been for the last 10 or more years .

The pound has not quite sunk without trace though, it still has some value but because the London's economy is so closely linked to banking and financial services the pound was hit pretty hard and that means that your dollar, yen or Euro is going to buy so much more.

When people talk about London or indeed England they usually mention rain, but because of global warm summers in London are warm to hot these days, and that makes sightseeing a dream and it has so many said old and new to see, the Queen and The London Eye are on the top of most people's list, but those lists will just go on and on.

One great way to take in most of the sights of London is a river trip, because like most very old cities London was built on first one then both banks of a river, in London's case the River Thames.

From a river boat you will be able to take in the Westminster Abbey, Big Ben, The Houses of Parliament, The South Bank Arts Complex, The Globe Theater a reproduction of a theater from the time of Shakespeare, the Tower of London while gliding effortlessly under famous bridges like London Bridge and Tower Bridge and of course see so much more.

As well as the river London is famous for large open spaces of green and you can escape from the almost constant noise of this City that simply refuses to sleep for a moment into the delightful parks like St. Louis. James' Park which lies behind Downing Street where the British Prime Minister has his official residence.

Surprisingly you can wander the length of the Mall and still be in St James' Park down passed Duck and even Pelican Ponds to Buckingham Palace where the Queen of Great Britain has her official residence.

You can even check to see if she is at home by looking to see if the Royal Standard is flying above the Palace. You will be lucky to see her 'at home' because because the Queen favors Windsor Palace which is about 20 miles to the west of London where it is quitter and less polluted.

London is a sightseers' dream, there is always something around the corner, from the blue plaque on the wall of the flat where Jimi Hendrix died at the back of Oxford Street to the beautifully restored St Pancras station now home to the International Rail (Channel) Tunnel) Rail Service but for so many years a derelict condemned building.

At night even more of London comes alive and as well as being able to enjoy some excellent free live music in the cafés and bars there is the exciting sight of the river-scape alive with lasers lights and often fireworks.

London is not to be missed and that is why it is one of the most popular travel destinations in the world and so it is probably no surprise that there are enough hotel beds in London to sleep the populations of dozens of major cities worldwide!

The surprise would be that most of these hotel beds are booked well in advance and so careful planning is required to get a great hotel at just the right price.

A good way to do that would be to use a website where you can compare prices and availability, though there are dozens of these here is an honest recommendation bookingspot.


Sports Memories in the Year 1970 – Show Your Team Spirit With Sports-Themed Lighting Decor

The year was 1970 – did you know?

• The member teams of the American Football League merged with the member teams of the National Football League (NFL). This formed a 26-team NFL made up of 2 conferences, the American Football Conference (AFC) and the National Football Conference (NFC), with 13 teams in each conference. Former NFL teams the Baltimore Colts, Cleveland Browns and Pittsburgh agreed to join the AFC with the other member teams of the American Football League so that the 2 conferences would have equal number of teams.
• NFL Commissioner, Pete Rozelle, instituted the idea of ​​Monday night football saying that football was not only meant to be played on Sundays. This move was also a way to broaden the leagues audience nationally in prime time. The first Monday night football game was historically played on September 21, 1970 and has made last impact for over the past 40 years.
• New Orleans Saints placekicker, Tom Dempsey, put himself in the record books of the NFL by kicking a winning and record setting field goal against the Detroit Lions. The 63-yard field goal record remained in tack until 1998 when Jason Elam of the Denver Broncos tied the record.
• Jimmy Van Alen created the concept of a tiebreaker in tennis. This concept was instituted in the US Open in 1970. Previously, tennis sets could last for hours because a set had to be won by being up at least 2 games. The tiebreaker allowed a 7th game to be played and the winner had to win by 2 points and then, winning the set 7-6. The concept of a tiebreaker is still applied today but some Slams do not allow it in the deciding set.
• Margaret Court-Smith won the Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open all in year and captured the Grand Slam of tennis. She was the second woman to accomplish this feat.
• September 13 marked the debt of the fist New York City Marathon. 55 runners finished. The event now attacks over 30,000 runners and has become a world-wide spectator sport.

Show off your team spirit and loyalty with by displaying sports memorabilia. And, do not forget the lighting. Sports-themed lamps, touch lamps and lighting products are widely available and are perfect accents to your home lighting décor.


10 Things To Remember When You Buy Modern Lamps And Lights

Figuring out the right kind and amount of lights needed for your home can be a major decision in your home décor. The decision can either make or ruin your entire style and the effect the space projects. So, what are the things to look for when you buy some modern lamps and lights for a home or office space?

  1. Decide the where: the first item on the agenda is to decide where you want the lights. What areas will require special lighting, which areas should have more diffused brightness, which areas need focused attention? Asking and answering these questions is the first task.
  2. Decide the why: part of buying the right lighting is to decide the task that each lamp is intended to help. Choose a focused task light for concentrated jobs like reading or cutting. Track lighting is fine for a sitting room, whereas spot lighting and accent lamps help to bring out interesting décor.
  3. Decide which style the room needs: while a stylized modern lamp or a glitzy chandelier might be just right for your living room, the kids' room is probably better off with a lamp in animal shapes. Paper lamp shades work great for interiors, while modern lanterns and metal work looks better outside.
  4. Design specific lighting for special-needs areas: the kitchen for example, will need more task oriented focused lighting, especially around the counter top areas or the stove / grill area. Your study would look and function better with modern desk lamps, and living rooms will require a combination of lighting styles.
  5. Use mood lighting: set the mood with warm lighted corners, especially in your living room. You can achieve this effect by the judicious use of LED lamps, fireplaces, candles or other ambient / dynamic sources of light. Look around at your furniture, furnishings, and overall scheme of décor, and choose a lamp or fixture that looks good in setting the mood you have in mind.
  6. Coordinate: make sure the fixtures and modern lamps that you use go with everything else, in the rest of the room, not just in style, but also in color.
  7. Choose easy to clean lamps / fixtures: although most modern lighting emphasizes simplicity of design, some can be quite complicated and difficult to clean on a regular basis. Make life easier for yourself, pick something with simpler lines, that will be easy to clean in the long run.
  8. Try energy efficient styles: "go green." Use energy efficient fluorescent lighting in all possible areas, except it demands something else.
  9. Avoid glare: make sure the light fixtures or lamps are properly installed to minimize glare and give a nice all round effect of warmth.
  10. Use portable lighting: floor lamps, etc can be a source of additional light wherever and whenever you may require it.

A little thought, and a little planning. That's all it takes to make your space a haven of peace and a reflection of your sense of style.


Building A House? Here's How To Reduce The Cost of Artificial Lighting

Each room of a house requires different levels of general lighting and task lighting. Ideally, general or ambient lighting which is the base level of lighting for the whole room, should be as even as possible. Many home owners today are concerned with how they can reduce artificial lighting for home construction so that the home's artificial lighting can be as practical and energy-efficient as possible.

The ideal way to approach this issue is to develop a lighting plan. This lighting plan should include both the location and the specifications of the fixtures and controls respectable to the architectural plans. Decorative, task, focal, and safety lighting should be addressed in the lighting plan and specifications, along with the ambient lighting prescribed in the codes.

For home owners seeking guidance this can be retrieved from professional lighting designers. Typically, these designers are architects or interior designers with a specialty in lighting. If you are interested in locating a lighting designer in your area then simply contact the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America or the International Association of Lighting Designers.

Another way that a home owner can effectively reduce the use of artificial lighting through his home is by the use of fluorescent fixtures. Where existing incandescent fixtures can not or will not be replaced with fluorescent fixtures, compact fluorescent bulbs can be used to reduce the electricity usage. As an example, a 60-watt incandescent bulb can be replaced with an 11 to 15 watt compact fluorescent, allowing for roughly a 76% reduction. Although compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) cost more than incandescent light bulbs, in reality each bulb saves a great deal of cash over its lifetime. In order to maximize their benefit, use CFLs in rooms with the most traffic. For lights that are used for only short periods of time, specify incandescents with dimmer switches.

Adding dimmers to lighting switches allows several lighting functions, such as task lighting at full illumination and decorative or safety lighting at lower settings. This is especially good as dimming increases lamp life and saves energy because less electrical wattage is used. Even incandescent lamps last longer when a dimmer is installed. For fluorescent fixtures these require either dimmable ballast or additional wiring. Dimmer switches and other lighting controls are rated for total controlled wattage, type of wiring, and type of fixture such as electronic ballast, incandescent, or other.

Some fluorescent lights and fixtures may also be put on dimmers. The benefit of improved artificial lighting allows homeowners to save lots of cash on their electricity bills. For this reason, it is important that home owners take the time to implement methods that will help reduce artificial lighting. This should ideally be done during the construction stages as it can be neatly done.


How to Go About Dim LED Lighting

The growing awareness of environment concerns that energy saving devices are gaining considerable prominence. In the past decade one such effective means is the LED. LED lighting has come to become the most significant aspect of any house or commercial establishment. LEDs are used today in a variety of forms like LED tubes for lighting up the workspaces and in the house for kitchen and working desks, LED flat panels for lighting up certain areas of the house, they being flush mounted are preferred as they do not alter any architectural design of the house.

The last few years have resulted in further focus on the environment aspect of energy savings and this has resulted in the development of dimmers for further optimizing electricity usage. There are some significant advantages of using dimmers and this subordinate resolved in their popularity among the consumers.

Advantages of Dimmers:

– Convenience and improving ambiance: Homes are becoming increasingly automated. Lights as part of the automated system can there before be dimmed depending on the time of the day to ensure optimum light maintenance, some are even equipped with intelligent systems which switch off the lights in the absence of any person. They also enable the user to give a nice feel to a house or office using the lighting systems, thus improving ambiance.

– Energy saving: As the intensity of light can changes depending upon the need of illumination required, it helps by optimizing the use of electricity and in the process it also reduces electricity bills.

How to dim an LED?

There are two techniques used when dimming LEDs, PWM and Analog. Both techniques come with their own advantages and disadvantages.

PWM dimming mainly involves switching the light bulb on and off at an extremely high rate, the advantage of this process is because the quantum of current passing through the LED remains the same, the color of light does not change.

Analog dimming meanwhile involves sending a variable current, the advantage here primarily being simpler logic circuits,

How to use dimmers in Induction lights?

Induction lights have recently reemerged as a strong contender in the lighting industry especially the outdoor lighting realm. They are typically used in gas station lighting, parking garage lighting and street lighting.

Technology also advanced in induction lighting, which involves the use of dimmers. Most of the times inductive lightings are fitted with a dual control switch or some sort of a bi-level dimming feature. Many of them are also fitted to smart and intelligent automated systems which regulate the induction lights for example the induction lights which are fitted in the parking garage now come with a dual switch which is connected to an infra-red system. The system normally maintains low illumination, however if it detects any human through the infra-red then it automatically switches to high illumination.

Thus, dimmers are helping us to further optimize our electricity usage and helping us to move to a more sustainable and friendly eco-system.


Contemporary Lighting – Everything You Want to Know and More

One of the problems that you may run across when trying to decorate your modern home is finding the right Contemporary Lighting to illuminate the space. Surfing the web may only add to the confusion when one looks at the wide variety of Contemporary Lighting fixtures from which to choose. It seems like every manufacturer and retailer have their own ideas as to just precisely what Contemporary Lighting is or is not. It is difficult to even find sources that can agree on a precise start of the genre. Far easier is it to describe what Contemporary Lighting is NOT. For instance, Contemporary Lighting is not ornate like the traditional lighting fixtures nor does it have an emphasis on functional beauty like the Mission style.

The Contemporary Lighting style sprang from the Art Nouveau movement but with one critical difference: unlike Art Deco, the Modern or Contemporary style had absolutely nothing to do with aesthetics. Instead, the emphasis lie entirely with the idea of ​​functionality. World restructured architect Frank Lloyd Wright was a big practitioner and adherent of the Modern movement which gave birth to Contemporary Lighting. He joined the Bauhaus School and the Russian Constructionalists in their reverence for the functional while rejecting the inefficiency of aesthetics.

Fixtures of the Contemporary Lighting style generally have very smooth, white globes that mount to simple bell-shaped mounts. An excellent example of Contemporary Lighting is the "school light" fixtures so popular with designers for the past few decades. These lights feature a suspended globe that hangs down over an area and provides a virtual shadow-free ambient light. People decorating old industrial buildings that have been converted into lofts often make these lights their first choice. They also work great for people trying to think of how to light a converted schoolhouse or similar structure.

Contemporary Lighting fixtures emphasize very clean lines and a wide variety of metal finishes for the bases. Making use of the simple white monsters that typify the style, Contemporary Lighting provides ample ambient light without distracting attention away from the functional aspects of any living space. They may not be as ornate as the traditional Style, but the sheer simplicity is the beauty of Contemporary Lighting fixtures. Rather than draw attention to the fixtures themselves, Contemporary Lighting is a minority means to make any space more user-friendly and accessible.

The exact start date of the period may remain something obscure, but the defining characteristics of the Contemporary Lighting style remain solid. True to the nature of the style, Contemporary Lighting makes functionality the focal point rather than ornate beauty. With smooth white crystals mounted to a wide array of metal bases, the fixtures are easily distinguishable from the other lighting styles. Contemporary Lighting fixtures remain favorites of designers today and will continue to do so in the future as they provide people with what they seek: simple light from unobtrusive and functional fixtures.


Photography – All About Correct Lighting

The word photography means "writing with light". Light is essential to making photographs and you must understand how to use it in order to make your pictures as interesting as possible. There are two basic types of light: natural and artificial. The first comes from the sun, the other from man-made sources.

Natural light generally reiterates to daylight, although moonlight qualifies too. For photographers, light during the day can vary. There might be a bright or hazy sun that causes shadows. Or it could be heavy and overcast. Daylight also exists in the shade, where subjects are shielded from the direct rays of the sun. Daylight exists indoors, too so not all natural light shots are taken outdoors.

Artificial light is illumination produced by man. It may be an ordinary light bulb, a fluorescent tube, a bright photoflood, a tungsten halogen lamp, an electronic flash, or many other types. Since these types of illumination can be used outdoors, too, not all photographs shot with artificial light are taken indoors.

Photographers also talk about ambient light, existing light and available light. Regardless of the term, this is light – whether natural or artificial- that is already present in the subject area. A photographer who shoots by ambient, existing, or available does not provide any of his own illumination.

Just as there are types of light, there are types of lighting that have special significance for photographers. For instance, directional lighting, such as that provided by the sun, flash, or tungsten halogen bulbs in reflectors, is more precisely described as being front lighting, side lighting, or back lighting.

Front lighting is the most basic for photographers, although not the most appealing. A long-standing rule that says to put the sun at your back so it shines on the front of your subjects was established for good reasons. Early films and camera lenses were not as fast as those in use today; they required considerable light to make an exposure. Old time camera and film manufacturers knew that bright and direct sunlight on the subject would provide an adequate image on the film, so they recommended it. Also, a subject illuminated directly from the front shows every detail because it is uniformly lighted.

Front lighting is still popular today, but many photographers find it unsatisfactory for portraits and other subjects. The reason is that front-illuminated subjects appear 'flat' because there are no shadows to give a feeling of depth. For this reason, front lighting is commonly referred to as flat lighting. Another disadvantage of front lighting is that people often squint because the sun is shining directly in their eyes.

Photographers have found that changing their camera angle or the position of the subject so that the main illumination is from the side gives more depth and interest to many of their pictures. This is especially true when shooting close-ups of objects. Side lighting can illuminate the left side or the right side of the subject, depending on your preference.

Backlighting reiter to situations where the main source of illumination is behind the subject, shining in the direction of the camera. Backlighting requires careful exposure readings so that the front of the subject will be properly exposed. If a reading is made of the backlight itself, the subject will be underexposed and appear as a silhouette. With portraits outdoors, backlighting allows your subject to have a natural expression without squinting because bright light is not shining on his face or into his eyes.

When strong directional light comes from both sides, the technique is known as cross lighting. It is normally used in studio situations with flash or tungsten studio lights, not under daylight conditions.


Questions and Answers About LED Lighting – Why LED?

1.Q: What are the advantages of LED Lights?

A: LED (Light-Emitting Diode) Lights offer a multitude of advantages over traditional light sources including lower electricity consumption, much longer lifetime, higher durability, no ultraviolet and infrared radiation, low heat and smaller size.

2.Q: Can I directly replace my existing lamps with LED lamps?

A: The LED Lights we offer are direct replacement of incandescent, halogen and compact fluorescent lamps. This means that you do not have to do any changes to your existing system.

3.Q: Why should I choose LED lamps over the cheaper traditional lamps?

A: Consider not only the initial price of the lamp, but the true cost of light, which includes the cost of energy, replacement and maintenance costs.

– LED lights use much less energy. When installed at applications with long work hours the saved electricity cost can bring the payback time to less than 2 years.

– LED lights have much longer life, from 30,000 to 50,000 hours. Imagine that you do not have to change your lamps for the next 20 years, especially those hard to reach light fixtures.

For commercial applications long life LED Lights mean lower replacement costs and no more group relamping. Taken into consideration reduced maintenance costs, the ROI (Return Of Investment) time for LED Lamps can be less than 1 year.

LED lamps produce very little heat thus reducing the power used by your air conditioner.

LED light has no harmful UV (ultraviolet) and IR (infrared) rays.

LED lamps contain NO mercury like the fluorescent lamps. LED Lights are completely safe for the Nature and can be disposed as ordinary waste.

4.Q: Will the Low Voltage LED lamps work with my existing transformer?

A: Low Voltage LED lamps are compatible with magnetic transformers used with VAC lighting. If you have an electronic transformer one LED lamp may not work due to its very low power consumption. To work properly most electronic transformers require a minimum load greater than the 3-watt used by our LED Spot Lights. When connecting a few LED lamps to one transformer the load increases to a point where the use of an electronic transformer is acceptable.

5.Q: How does a LED work?

A: The LED (Light Emitting Diode) is an electronic light source that works by the effect of electroluminescence. When a semiconductor diode is turned on electrons recombine with holes and energy is discharged as light.

6.Q: What is the color of the light from a LED?

The light color of LED Lamps is measured by Correlated Color Temperature (CCT) in Kelvins. Contemporary High Power LEDs are covered with phosphor to convert light from a blue LED to a wide spectrum white light. Most common LED Light colors used are:

Warm White (Soft White) – 2,700 – 3,300 K – the color of the light of a traditional incandescent light bulb

Cool White – around 4,000 K – similar to moonlight, xenon lamp light color

Daylight White > 5,000K – looks like flashlight, or typical daylight.

7.Q: What is Color Rendering Index?

A: The Color Rendering Index (CRI) is measuring the ability of a light source to simulate the colors of different objects accurately in comparison with the sunlight. Although there are critics of the subjective color rendering in practice, the CRI is widely used as a measurement of the quality of the light. Higher CRI corresponds to etter quality light, in scale from 0 to 100.

8.Q: What is the CRI of LED light?

A: Generally LED lamps score above CRI 80, which is higher than many other light sources. LED Lamps with CRI above 90 are used for visual inspection tasks.

9.Q: How efficient LED lamps are?

A: The output of light sources is light and heat. The higher the ratio light to heat, the more efficient the lamp. Today’s high efficient LED lights have efficiency of about 50 %, compared to standard incandescent lamp with 2-3% and fluorescent lamps with 15-20% efficiency.

LEDs naturally have directional light, this means that the light is easier to manage with less losses. That presents an even greater advantage in regards to LED lamps’ high efficiency over all other existing light sources.

10.Q: What is luminous efficacy?

A: The luminous efficacy is the light output per unit power input. It is measured in lumen per watt (lm/W). Nowadays commercially available LEDs have efficacy of 130 lm/W for cool white and 107 lm/W for warm white light (CREE XLamp MX-6). This is much higher compared to incandescent bulb that produces 15 lm/W and fluorescent lamp with 60-70 lm/W.

However, the efficacy of a single LED should not be mixed with the efficacy of the lamp. Many manufacturers and resellers state the LED Lamp Light Output as sum of the output of the individual LEDs. This is not correct because there are always losses from light trapped inside the lamp. The efficacy of a LED Light Lamp, also called LED Light Engine, can be increased by better design and using high quality materials.

11.Q: Is the lumen per watt the only aspect I should consider when choosing a LED Light?

A: No, you should consider also the CRI (quality of light) and your individual visual preferences. Some people like the more yellow Warm (Soft) White light that resembles the light from the incandescent lamp. Other prefer the brighter and more true-color rendering Cool / Daylight white.

12.Q: What is the lifetime of a LED Lamp?

A: When properly installed and well ventilated, LED Lamps will very rarely burn. However, the brightness of the LED light fade over time, so LED Lamp’s life is measured by 2 characteristics – how much will it fade after 1,000 hours of exploitation, and when the brightness will reach 70% of the initial value.

Quality LED Lamps are rated at less than 3% light output decrease for the first 1,000 hours, and 30,000 to 50,000 hours for the 70% decrease, which is the standard for commercial lighting applications.

Again, compared to traditional light sources, LED lights are superior regarding lifetime.

13.Q: Does the lifetime of a LED Light Bulb shorten by frequent on/off switches?

A: Unlike the fluorescent lamps, lifespan of LED Lamps is NOT influenced by frequent switching.


Which Style of Chandelier Suits Your Lighting Needs?

When it comes to lighting effects, not all chandeliers are alike. Here is a run down of the different types of chandeliers and the type of light they are likely to cast over your dining room

Late Victorian: The late Victorian style of chandelier lighting is very similar to the late seventies style of chandelier. This style consist of stacked circular glass blown globes that are stacked in brass wheels of usually eight and then four tiers. This type of chandelier casts a very soft pearly glow and look best in a dim wood paneled room. The more stark seventies versions with the pure white opaque glass look best hanging over a kitchen table and tend to cast a much brighter light.

Gas Electric: This style of chandelier consist of tulip shaped flutes and is usually made of heavy engraved glass. In Victorian times there would have been candles inside these frosted flutes
but now a days there is candle shaped light bulbs or regular light bulbs. This style of chandelier which is usually mounted on a metallic wheel, whether it be brass, iron or metal, are usually very bright and sometimes look better somewhere like a bathroom where you need lots of light and not necessarily in a dining room where something more subtle is required.

Arts and Crafts: You know you are looking at an Arts and Crafts style of chandelier if the glass shades are dangling downwards from the wheel rather than sitting like cups on the rim of the wheel. This is characterized by balanced mobiles that consist of two to four to six lampshades on a rustic looking metal frame that hangs from the ceiling.

Mission Style: If the chandelier has black iron limbs or wheels then it is probably mission style. Mission style chandeliers usually also have square shades made of streaked white or pearly opaque glass. This type of chandelier usually casts a dimmer light then most.

Wagon Wheel: This eclectic chandelier was a common sight in the suburbs in the seventies and basically consist of a wooden wheel that was topped with miniature lamps shades. It casts a
nice, yellowish dim light for a dining room.

Atomic Age: Also known as a fifties revival style, these are the chandeliers that look like metal starbursts from which shoot multicolored Christmas bulbs. This unique style never looks that dated as it looks both modern and antique at the same time and the light that it can cast is often pretty because of the different colored bulbs. It does however cast a dimmer light than most.

Art Deco Chandeliers – These are getting rarer and rarer and cast beautiful soft lights the colored round pendant drops and flower shaped flowered shades that are characteristic of the style. The glass on an art deco chandelier is often green or pink and it can also be frosted or streaked with color.


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